Ikat is a detailed passing on measure finished with silk or cotton textures. The final product is a piece of material washed and sparkled in beautiful examples. Usually, Orissa Ikat is related with sarees. Ikat designs are colored and binded into the strings before fabric is weaved. This separates it from the Tie and Dye measure where the texture is woven in any case.
Origin and History
The strategy which is referred to now as Ikkat had its sources in various pieces of the world like South East Asia, Central Asia, South America and West Africa. Ikat is perhaps the most antiquated methods of coloring textures. The expression “Ikat” itself is a deduction from the Malay word mengikat which intends to tie or to tie.
According to wellsprings of data, Orissa Ikat traces all the way back to the twelfth century when craftsmen from the Patan locale of advanced Gujarat relocated to Orissa and conveyed forward the art.
- Orissa Ikat essentially features three assortments:
- Single Ikat is a cycle where either the twist yarns or the weft is colored.
- The second methodology of joined Ikkat has both twist yarns and the weft being utilized together in various pieces of the texture.
- Twofold Ikat includes both twist and weft strings tied in an incredibly exact way so when the strings from both hub network with one another at specific focuses to appear a finished example.
Orissa Ikat utilizes a cycle called ‘oppose kicking the bucket’. Basically, the center texture materials utilized in the Orissa Ikat are silk or cotton. The apparatuses needed for doing the interaction are – Pick, scissors, color tanks, elastic groups, or other binds material to oppose color.
The interaction begins with the twist or weft strings being packaged and bound with elastic groups which can oppose the activity of color tones. The groups, at that point, are attached to a wooden casing and put into the color tank. Here they are given rehashed color medicines to produce groups of patterns. Once the perishing cycle is finished, at that point begins the unpredictable and perplexing interaction of meshing these strings into a steady piece of texture. The whole cycle includes right around a whole family’s investment in various viewpoints. Generally, tones from plants, blossoms, and barks of trees were utilized as colors all the while. In any case, lately, expansion sought after for Orissa Ikat has filled the need to utilize compound colors too.
Appearances Behind the Fabric
While it is an old specialty, it is overwhelmed by individuals from the Meher people group of Orissa. Radhashyam Meher, Kunja Bihari Meher, Chaturbhuja Meher and Krutartha Acharya are a portion of the main examples of the art who have helped grandstand it on the world stage.
Ikat Exports Pvt. Ltd. situated in Bhubaneswar, Orissa is likely probably the biggest maker of Orissa Ikat handloom texture and different items.
Present Day Scenario
Aside from different nations where Ikat is polished, in India, Ikat is predominant in 3 states – Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. Ikat as a specialty has arrived at its zenith of flawlessness in Orissa. Orissa Ikat work is done in the areas of Bargarh, Sambalpur, Sonepur and some different regions of Orissa. The craftsmen of Orissa Ikat dominatingly have a place with the Meher people group. The art has been especially idealized in the Bargarh and Sambalpur districts. These days, one sees Orissa Ikat being utilized with sarees as well as with Footwear, Handbags and Upholstery. Sarees made in the Orissa Ikat measure are estimated anyplace between Rs. 2000/ – to Rs. 20000/ – relying upon the unpredictable plans and cycle included.
Orissa Ikat sarees have appealed to the tastes of celebrities like Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and world leaders alike. While Orissa Ikat sarees of the lower price range double up as everyday wear for a lot of middle-class housewives, the premium sarees have a special place during weddings, festivals and public functions.
For silk sarees, a gentle wash by hands or dry cleaning is recommended while the ironing should be done at a moderate temperature level. For cotton Ikat sarees, a thorough wash in the washing machine can be done or better still a dry-cleaning session.
Generally, Orissa Ikat was drilled by craftsmen’s utilizing hands. Given the rising interest and modernization of cycles, today Orissa Ikat is done in a mechanized way utilizing machines.
Eminent worldwide style architect’s world over like Missioni and Jhane Barnes have taken motivation from the Orissa Ikat plans and effectively utilized something very similar in their works.
Inside the Ikat itself, Orissa Ikat sarees are contrasted with Patan Patoli Ikat sarees from Gujarat and the Pochhampalli Ikat sarees from Andhra Pradesh. Also, while there may be correlations drawn with Uppada, Gadwal, Paithani, Banarasi and Kanchipuram sarees, Orissa Ikat sarees hold their own place.